By the way

Lead mine Vesuvius near Freihung

How about a visit to Mount Vesuvius? We are not referring to Mount Vesuvius near Naples, but to what is probably the largest lead ore deposit in Europe near Freihung in the northeastern Upper Palatinate quarry mining area with the “Vesuvius” mine, which was awarded a mining licence in 1864. A signposted hiking trail leads through the historical mining area, which is actually closed by the mining authorities, where only a few remains of the former processing plant still exist. 13 hiking boards inform about the history of lead mining, which was first mentioned in a document in 1427. However, the origins are said to go back to the 13th century. After several main periods – e.g. around 1550 to 1650 and around 1800 to 1900 – mining at Freihung has been dormant for almost 80 years now. The last shaft was sunk in the 1940s as an experimental shaft. This marked the end of mining activities in the area. It is interesting that the main minerals are present as impregnations in the Keuper sandstone-bound cerussite (PbCo3 – white lead ore) and pyromorphite (Pb5[(Cl/(PO4)3] – green lead ore).

Today, only unvegetated dumps, which look like sand dunes by the sea, and some remains of a processing bear witness to the mining that lasted for centuries. The name Freihung, like many place names with similar origins (e.g. Freiberg or Freital), goes back to the freedoms that the sovereigns granted to mining towns to boost mining.

History can be moving – especially if you move along with it.

Author: Uwe Bruder


Related articles:

Issue 2021-11

New drilling campaign in Finland

E???????urobattery Minerals AB, a growth company in the mining and exploration industry with the vision to help Europe become self-sufficient in ethical battery minerals, announced that FinnCobalt Oy...


26.11.2013 / Weir Minerals wins ArcelorMittal order

ArcelorMittal has signed a £ 2.4 million deal with Weir Minerals to supply additional tailings pumps for its mine at Krivoy Rog, Ukraine. The pumps will be used to transport tailings - fine particles...

Issue 2018-01-02

Somincor Zinc Expansion Project at Neves-Corvo mine in Portugal

With the Zinc Expansion Project, Lundin Mining expects to expand production from the existing mining areas and from the deeper, higher-grade zinc deposit Lombador Phase 2 (LP2). In May 2017, Lundin...

Issue 2014-06

Many years of cooperation guarantee efficient mining

India is the third largest coal supplier in the world. The ­Indian mine operator „Sainik Mining and Allied Services Ltd.“, contractual partner of the country’s largest coal producer “Coal...

Issue 2013-01-02

Environmental friendly way to dispose of tailings from mining industry

Outotec is one of the few companies in the world that can offer paste thickening solutions to the mineral industries in one package. Paste technology means that instead of pumping untreated tailings...