Journey round the world

Trends in coal and ore transportation

Summary: After the figures for maritime transportation of coal and ore recently stagnated, a slight increase is forecast for the coming years. The following article describes a wide variety of market developments and market trends in the maritime transportaton of bulk commodities, and in particular in the transportation of hard coal, iron ore and bauxite, and presents the most important players in the market.

1 Introduction

In 2016, a total of 4.9 billion tonnes (bn t) of bulk commodities were shipped by seagoing vessels. This corresponds to a share of around 44 % of the global maritime transportation figure of 11.2 bn t, followed by crude oil and other petrochemical products with 27 % and container traffic with 16 %. In terms of tonne-kilometers, which are a measure of transport performance in global trade, dry bulk goods even account for 49 % of the total figure. The term dry bulk goods covers a very long list of commodities with over 100 individual items and includes such bulk materials as coal,...

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